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Poster Abstracts

Poster Session 1

Marciano Bagnoli, Jon Baley, Joseph Cetina, Alexander Chartrand, Zachary Chartrand, Kyle Crowley, Kayleigh Eddy, Tom Gaskins, Courtney Gazda, Vincent Gregoric, Luke Kadlecek, Andrew Kilgore, Jessica Kostrab, Scott Linville, Gwen MacPherson, Erin Miller, Lindsey Nicholson, Julie Pittinger, Stephanie Porten, Steven Roshong, AJ Shadrach, Kimber Stevenson, Regina Strumbly and Rachel Wood
Building and Performing on Homemade Instruments in Physics 154: Science, Sound and Music
In the course Science, Sound and Music, students examine the science of sound, music and acoustics, exploring how sound is produced and perceived, the creation and interpretation of music, the influence of room design on its acoustics and how musical instruments work. Throughout the semester, students explore these concepts from a scientific and aesthetic perspective, integrating their own personal experiences with ideas from several disciplines, including physics, music and psychology. As the final project for the course, each student designed and built a musical instrument.  The students will perform a short piece as an ensemble, and they will be on hand to answer questions and explain individual instrument designs.


Christina Best
CNN.com's Video Coverage of the 2010 Gulf Coast Oil Spill
The communication theory of agenda-setting suggests that the media influence what the public will perceive as newsworthy, therefore dictating what information people have access to. During the summer of 2010, media coverage focused on the Gulf Coast oil spill. This research, using content and rhetorical analysis, evaluates the videos on CNN.com’s “Gulf Coast Oil Disaster” webpage in order to understand what information their coverage provides to their audience. In particular, the research will analyze whether or not the videos suggest what organization was responsible for the spill.
 

Mara Bowman
The Effects of Sucrose and Xylitol on Streptococcus mutans Biofilm Formation
Streptococcus mutans is considered to be the primary pathogen causing dental caries. These dental caries have been closely linked to fermentable carbohydrates such as sucrose. S. Mutans is able to utilize sucrose as a nutrient source for the production of intracellular storage components, as well as, for the production of extracellular glucans. In contrast, the sugar alcohol xylitol which has been increasingly used as an alternative sweetener, is not fermented by most oral-micro-organisms and therefore has been attributed to having caries-reducing effects. In the present study, biofilms were treated with sucrose and xylitol to determine whether there were inhibitory or enhancing effects. Averages of OD580 values were calculated and percent increase and decrease in biofilm formation was found. It was concluded that sucrose was effective in enhancing biofilm formation, whereas xylitol, at varying concentrations, had an inhibitory effect on biofilm formation. Also, treatment was ineffective on established films.


Nicholas Boyde
The Novel Synthesis and Study of Poly(pyrazolylsilane) Scorpionate Ligands
Scorpionate ligands have progressed greatly since their first developed.  These molecules are known as ligands because they bind strongly to other compounds.  The ligand used in this study was a silicon based ligand known as Pyrazolylsilane.  Pyrazolylsilane was synthesized and used for novel synthesis, or binding to metals that have never before been accomplished.  This synthesis could lead to a series of new or varied properties in the molecule, resulting in changes in the chemical and physical structure.  Once successful binding has been shown, Pyrazolylsilane will characterized and tested for new material science applications, such as the possibility of uses in the semiconductor industry.  


Miranda Christmas
Sleeping with Zombies: The Use of Rhyme and Wordplay in the Works of Harryette Mullen
This research is an attempt to show that poetry is not all deep metaphors and mind-boggling themes lying beneath pretty words. Poetry is first and for most a way for the poet to relate to the reader. In my research I analyzed the works of Harryette Mullen, an African American writer, and her use of rhyme and wordplay. Through the explication of Mullen’s “Zombie Hat” and “Sleeping with the Dictionary”, and various other studies on both Mullen and the conventions of poetry, I demonstrated that although the two works are vastly different in structure and tone, the use of rhyme and wordplay makes them relatable to many readers.


Amanda Cirone
Dreams Do Come True in New Orleans:  A look at Disney’s the Princess and the Frog and the themes found in previous Disney Animated Films
The Walt Disney Company has captivated audiences with their infamous story-telling structure based on fairytales, magic, family, and the power of dreams since their beginning in the late 1920s.  Disney Animated Films such as The Princess and the Frog put those themes on the big screen for all ages to enjoy.  This study observes The Princess and the Frog, identifying the common themes found and studied in previous Disney films such as fairytale, love, family, magic, dream, rags to riches, stars, music, transformation, gender roles, and time.  Results showed that the most common themes in The Princess and the Frog were fairytale, love, and family.  It was found that gender roles in Disney films are changing compared to previous animated features.  The Princess and the Frog, though different in some aspects, holds true to the Disney tradition of a fairytale, a magical spell, and the power of true loves kiss.


Emily Gordon (Bletzaker) and Carrie Horvath

What's in Your Drink?Microbial Analysis of Soda Dispensers
Throughout history, microbial contamination of food and drink has been a large public health concern.  In today’s fast paced society, public eateries are heavily populated which leads to a higher risk of microbial contamination of food, drinks, and the surfaces where they are prepared.  The focus of the study was to determine whether self-serve soda dispensers in a heavily-populated undisclosed eating area harbor harmful bacteria.  Many researchers have focused on similar projects taking samples from self serving drink dispensers in restaurants and have found harmful bacteria among them, such as E. coli.  Our experimental study took samples from four different dispensers of the same type of beverage.  After a series of biochemical testing and DNA analysis, three types of bacteria were found as potential results, one of which showed harmful or pathogenic characteristics.

Erica Hyde
HIV/AIDS: The Virus Has Progressed But Have We?
I chose to research HIV/AIDS by tracing the statistical data of what groups were affected by the virus from the early 1980s when it was first discovered in the United States, to the present day.  Today there are still negative connotations surrounding HIV/ AIDS that should have dissipated years ago. People tend to only associate this virus with a few distinct groups and forget that anyone can contract it.  This perception that we have on AIDS has been driven by the way pubic institutions promote the disease.  Unlike those with other terminal illnesses, we tend to isolate those with AIDS due to our prejudice against the virus.  By looking at the statistical facts it becomes clear that the truth about AIDS is that it does not discriminate and affects every group.

Jarvis, Brandon A
Is multi-tasking detrimental to short and long term memory?
Students are constantly inundated with information. In an effort to handle the onslaught of incoming information, many choose to do more than one task at a time. For example, rather than focusing on the task of writing a paper and ignoring an incoming call a student may choose to talk on the phone and simultaneously work on the paper. The question that this research will address is not only related to task accuracy, but also how multitasking affects one’s ability to commit information to memory. This is particularly relevant to the college population, as multitasking has great implications for academic proficiency.


Justin Maddocks, Justin Bonnano, Erik Summers and Matthew Tracy
Improving the Alliance Food Pantry through Innovating Information Systems
Our project dealt with a real-life external customer. This opportunity allowed us to experience hands-on experience which is rarely captured in a class setting. We learned to grow and become more flexible when addressing the customer's business requirements. Our education even allowed us to help an organization in which helps so many other people. We plan to discuss our accomplishments and our methods for staying in contact with one of our teammates who lived in Costa Rica during the project's development.


Kirsten Schaffer
Effect of High Fat Diet and Exercise on Oxidative Stress in Heart Tissue of Mice
For over five decades, researches have accepted reactive oxygen species (ROS) within the body as a theory of aging due to the damage they cause to lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins which may result in cellular damage or death.  Many neurological experiments have suggested that excess ROS are the cause of Alzheimer’s Disease. One source of ROS is from mitochondria, and due to the presence of mitochondria throughout the body, there is potential for imbalance in oxidative stress levels and subsequent damage within tissues other than the brain.  For example, excess ROS within the heart may damage biomolecules resulting in cellular damage and ultimately leading to the increased possibility of heart disease.  In this study, the effect of high fat diet and exercise on oxidative stress levels in the heart tissue of mice was evaluated.  Results of the study, including significant differences in protein and lipid oxidation, will be presented.


James Simbro, Nathan Anderson and Kyle St. John
Cloud computing: The planning and creation of a web based application for a preschools tuition billing and finance tracking
Our project highlights a web based solution for a local preschool. This application minimizes the need for advanced hardware, runs at a low monthly cost and allows remote access from any computer or device that has Internet access. Web based applications are becoming especially popular as the use of Internet devices like tablet PC’s and smartphones continues to rise. This software product is being developed by following the accepted industry guidelines and processes for Software Engineering. This ensures that key goals are met, and that potential problems are recognized early in the development. We hope for this software system to be a low cost, efficient and user friendly solution for the preschool.


Joel Swaney
The Role of Social Media in Sports
Companies worldwide are embracing technology for business purposes. One key factor of marketing success is the implementation of vehicles facilitating customer dialogue. With modern technology, there is no better way to facilitate dialogue than through social media. This research was conducted using quantitative research in the form of content analysis. The unit of analysis was wall posts of the Facebook page for the Ohio State Buckeyes. The research shows that the Buckeyes' Facebook page is primarily used to keep Ohio State fans aware of what their teams are doing on a daily basis. Sales pitches rarely take place, but it serves more to inform the Facebook fans that they have the opportunity to be part of the special Buckeye community.



Poster Session II



Deirdre Dick
The Assessment of Distance Learning in the Creation of a High School Chemistry Course for College Credit
My Senior Culminating Experience research will access whether or not chemistry can be learned through online means of communication as opposed to a typical classroom setting. The assessment of distance learning was performed to establish if an online chemistry course would be effective as a duel credit course for local high schools. Learning modules were created to test the possibility of chemistry students learning through online means of communication. These learning modules were implemented in a general chemistry course at the University of Mount Union. Data analysis was performed and current results are positive that learning chemistry is possible, even in an atypical learning setting.


Kyle Quinn Dreger
Will You Be My (Facebook) Friend?
As the largest social network in the world, with more than 600 million active users, Facebook is quickly becoming the online identity repository of the world. The purpose of this research is to see whether our use of Facebook, particularly the way in which we "request" friendships, has fundamentally changed our perception of what a relationship is. By way of their "friend requesting," Facebook has removed the prerequisites of both proximity and personal contact needed for a "relationship" to be established and accepted by our peers. My research revolves around the responses from 23 different case studies and their responses to a series of questions tailored specifically around Facebook relationships. For each of these case studies, I analyzed their answers and recorded trends when it came to online identity and associated relationships.


Rachel Engelhardt
The Relationship Between Social Networks and Smartphones
This study examines the relationship between smartphones and social networks. Social networks such as Facebook or Twitter are being used more through smartphones as opposed to simply through personal computers. This is important to study in order to better understand how technology and the social networking phenomenon affect communication. A survey of over 200 individuals was conducted to uncover habits, attitudes, patterns in use and perceptions of social network access through smartphones. Study findings suggest that participants use social networks to connect with friends and family members. It also suggests that participants were aware that at least some of their friends access social networks through smartphones.



Ashley Fuller, Elizabeth Hord, Jessica Phillips, Clarissa Kmieck and Will Rainey
The Effect of Attachment Style and Gender on Jealousy
The purpose of our research is to describe the effect of gender and attachment style on cognitive, emotional, and behavioral expressions of jealousy in response to hypothetical infidelity in undergraduate students. Our study is significant because no previous research on jealousy has studied how men and women of various attachment styles will react to assumed infidelity on the part of a romantic partner. Our findings may contribute to future research on both the multidimensional jealousy and attachment style. Research on jealousy is important because it relates to underlying relationship issues and understanding it can be used to prevent and resolve relationship conflict.

Sarah Hayes
Costuming for Children's Theatre
Children’s costuming for the theatre is not a booming industry. Most productions involving children are costumed through thrift stores or from clothing the children bring in from home. Even when costumes are provided, they are often quickly sewn by dedicated parents. For this reason, research about children’s costumes is not as fleshed out as research about adult’s costumes. I wanted to explore the realm of children’s costumes more deeply, which is why I chose this project. I have created costume renderings (illustrations) for a children’s production of “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs” utilizing the research I have compiled about children’s theatrical costumes. By creating these renderings, I was able to apply the special considerations for children’s costumes to actual garments thus showing a range of outfits that each display different characteristics. Ultimately, these renderings create a basic profile of the needs for children’s theatrical costumes.


Chelsea Hensley, Crystal Johnson, Carrie Horvath and Emily Reichard
The Effects of Distraction on Working Memory

Working memory is a process that is used in everyday life when people try to remember and manipulate information (e.g., remembering a phone number while dialing it).  Distractions are also a part of everyday life, and college is a place where distractions run rampant.  The current research explores the idea that distractions can cause working memory to fail.  This is done by examining whether or not distractibility affects memory, and whether or not technology use has an impact on their level of distractibility.  We hypothesize that auditory distraction has the greatest impact on working memory and the ability to recall information, and that those students who frequent technology more often are not as easily distracted.


Kathryn Householder
Potentially Important Global Warming Gases: Nitrous Acid (HONO), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), and Hexafluorocarbon (C2F6)
The global warming gases nitrous acid (HONO), nitrous oxide (N2O), and hexafluorocarbon (C2F6) were examined by collecting absorbance spectra at 0.5cm-1 resolution using a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer.  Global warming potentials for each of the gases were determined using the formula:  .  The global warming potentials were used in order to assess the strengths of each gas as global warming gases.  


Abigail Jensen
Traditional Radio Vs. Internet-only Radio...who is the true winner?
Radio has been an influential and controversial issue in our culture since the beginning of its existence in 1885. Radio has made several historical marks in the U.S. and continues to break barriers as time and technology continues to advance. My study examined the history of radio, including its breakout in the U.S., how radio has changed over time/the impact it has had not only in the U.S. but other countries around the world. Most importantly, my study examined the declining use of traditional radio due to the increasing popularity of Internet-only radio stations by collecting data from 18-24 year old Mount Union students through an online survey. I hope to find that Internet-only radio will be the favored medium over traditonal radio.


Kathryn Less
Children's Games of Ancient Greece and Rome
I researched the games that children played in Ancient Greece and Rome to see how they influenced them in their adult lives.  I used primary, artwork from the time period, and secondary sources to find out what characteristics were valued for the top citizens in Ancient Greece and Rome.  Through the evidence that I found, I was able to decide which characteristics were most important and then compared that to what we think is important in today's world.  These values are transferred to their children through the many games that they played.  Children became experts at trickery and deception and used those skills to become leaders in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Andrew Louden and Madeline Sofia
Adaptations In Deadly Amphibian Pathogen
This study aims to determine how colonization of new climates affects adaptations in heat shock genes of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. This research will increase the understanding of B. dendrobatidis’s ability for adaptations. B. dendrobatidis, the causal agent of chytridiomycosis, is a fungal pathogen lethal to many amphibians globally. The pathogen is hypothesized to be endemic to Africa and in the past 85 years has spread across new climates, with varying temperate periods. 30˚C has been shown to be lethal to B. dendrobatidis, however due to ranging climates, selection for temperature elasticity could occur. Heat Shock genes produce proteins that cope with stress induced denaturation of other proteins, therefore may play a vital role.


Amanda MacKinight
The Ideal Male in Television Programming
This study examines what men may believe to be the ideal male. It looks at how image is presented in television programming and absorbed by the typical male. It examines how television presents qualities of the ideal male to men. When men get together in groups they begin to construct an unrealistic idea of what being male consists of. This creates a personality construct called hyper-masculinity. This research studies popular shows such as Jackass, WWE, WEC, and The Man Show and the images they present to men that deal with what it means to be male. Television today provides multiple shows that are dominated by a male audience that glamorize unrealistic male traits.


Gina Mayer
The Effect of Socioeconomic Status (SES) on the Vocational and Educational Aspirations of Elementary Students
This study looks at the effects of socioeconomic status (SES), or family income and background, on the career and educational goals of elementary school students. During the study, surveys were passed out to a class of twenty-four third graders at a rural elementary school in Northeastern Ohio. Most students from this school are from a low to middle SES, with half of the class receiving free or reduced lunches. The survey included ten questions about what careers they want to have in the future, why they choose those careers, and how long they plan on continuing their education. The survey produced some surprising results. The three main findings of the student surveys were that students from a low SES do not usually aspire to the same careers as their parents, do expect to have the careers that they aspire to, and do aspire to attend college.


James Shirley-Gardner, Vincent Gregoric, Alexander Chartrand, Scott Linville and Kosuke Tanaka
Enforcing the cosmic speed limit: how fast is Light?
Light from a laser was reflected off of a high speed rotating mirror. From this point, the light traveled down a relatively long distance and back, striking the rotating mirror at a different point in its rotation. Based on how far the light is deflected, the speed of the mirror, and the length of the path traveled, the speed of light can be determined. This experiment has been attempted unsuccessfully a number of times in Bracy Hall in the past. Measuring the speed of light presents many challenges but is of fundamental importance in physics, especially in astronomy and relativity.


Amy Sibole
Determination of Ideal Sampling Regimes for the Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Algal Genera in Walborn and Deer Creek Reservoirs  
The drinking water source for Alliance, Ohio is surface water from Walborn and Deer Creek Reservoirs.  The nutrient-rich conditions of these contiguous reservoirs are known to support algal blooms associated with the release of 2-Methylisoborneol (MIB) and Geosmin, chemicals that cause taste and odor issues.  To determine the temporal and spatial distribution of algal growth in the two reservoirs, samples were obtained bi-weekly over a four month period at predetermined locations and depths.  Algal genera were identified and enumerated for each sample to determine counts per liter.  Nine genera were observed throughout the sampling process.  The temporal distribution for mean algal counts shows a peak for both reservoirs in late August to early September.  There were no significant differences in the patterns of spatial distribution of mean algal counts for Walborn and Deer Creek Reservoirs.  Ideal sampling regimes thus require temporal frequency, but depth of sampling is less important.  


Andrew Stachnik and Sarah Snyder
TransGlobal Airlaines: A Real World Accounting Application
This is our presentation and analysis of a case competition provided by the Institute of Management Accountants. TransGlobal Airlines, a fictitious company, wanted our help to determine how to be more profitable and a leader in the airline industry. In order to do this, we calculated profit margins, expenses, analyzed strengths and weaknesses, and recommended a strategy to the company. This combines our accounting knowledge with a real-world application.


Anh Vu
Tissue Movements During Growth in Hydra:  Movements at the Foot End
Growth in hydra involves continuous cell proliferation balanced by bud production and loss of cells from the base and tentacle tips. Transgenic animals incorporating Green Fluorescent Protein in the endoderm and Red Fluorescent Protein in the ectoderm were used to investigate the migration of cells.  It was hypothesized that migration of tissues would be continuous and of equal rate in the two layers. The following observations were obtained after grafting halves of marked and unmarked animals. As tissues proliferate, ectoderm migrates much faster than does endoderm.  Tissues forming the basal disk at the very bottom remain non-fluorescent much longer than the turnover of the peduncle tissue just above it. The presence of a developing bud near the graft site decreases the ability of tissues to migrate into the peduncle. Investigations involving tissue movements during starvation, regeneration and budding are also underway.